In response to problems in our environment, we adapt both physically and psychologically to ensure our survival and reproduction. Sexual selection theory describes how evolution has shaped us to provide a mating advantage rather than just a survival advantage and occurs through two distinct pathways: intrasexual competition and intersexual selection. Gene selection theory , the modern explanation behind evolutionary biology, occurs through the desire for gene replication. Evolutionary psychology connects evolutionary principles with modern psychology and focuses primarily on psychological adaptations: changes in the way we think in order to improve our survival. Two major evolutionary psychological theories are described: Sexual strategies theory describes the psychology of human mating strategies and the ways in which women and men differ in those strategies. Error management theory describes the evolution of biases in the way we think about everything.
Best Evolutionary Psychology Books
Review. “Quite ingenious stuff. This is a welcome change from a lot of evolutionary psychology.”–The New York Times Book Review.
Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Other editions. Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem.
Men are drawn to borderline personality traits in physically attractive women, study finds
Picture a woman in her early 20s, with smooth and glowing skin, shiny hair, full lips, and bright eyes. She has a perfect body figure and her voluptuous hips sway gracefully as she walks past by. Why does this type of woman appeal to men? It comes as no surprise, then, if a horde of men is lining up to impress and date the woman described above.
Origins of the Social Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and Child Development. Edited by Maybe, but I’m not going to try it on my next date. One of the most.
Those with borderline personality disorder have problems regulating emotional impulses and often experience rocky relationships. But new research suggests that many men find traits associated with borderline personality disorder to be appealing in physically attractive women. The study has been published online in the journal Personality and Individual Differences. The relationship is like a roller coaster where the highs are very high and the lows are very low — this is why people probably stay in these types of relationships, because of the uncertainty and drama.
In two studies, which included English-speaking adults, participants were asked to evaluate the dating appeal of hypothetical individuals. The participants viewed a facial photograph of each target individual, along with a brief biography. The profiles varied in their level of facial attractiveness, psychopathic and borderline personality traits, and wealth. In line with previous research, Blanchard and her colleagues found that personality traits and wealth status were the most important factors in predicting dating appeal among female participants.
Women in the study tended to prefer partners who were high in wealth and low in psychopathic traits, even when they were rated as low in facial attractiveness.
The Secret Marketing Power of Evolutionary Psychology
The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology provides an overview of the latest developments in this fast-growing area of research. In addition to well-studied areas of investigation, such as mate choice and reproduction, the book also includes articles on the philosophical underpinnings of evolutionary psychology, comparative perspectives from other species, recent neurobiological findings, and it gets to grips with the issue of cultural evolution in relation to human psychology. All the articles combine a review of the relevant literature with well-reasoned arguments and discussions of the major findings, as well as insights and suggestions for future work.
The book provides an assessment of current research, from both theoretical and empirical perspectives. Keywords: evolutionary psychology , mate choice , reproduction , neurobiological findings , cultural evolution , empirical perspectives , research , human psychology. Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase.
After a movie she returned with her date to his car, which had been left in an isolated The evolutionary psychologist David M. Buss of the University of Texas at.
Evolutionary psychology is a theoretical approach to psychology that attempts to explain useful mental and psychological traits—such as memory, perception, or language—as adaptations, i. The purpose of this approach is to bring the functional way of thinking about biological mechanisms such as the immune system into the field of psychology, and to approach psychological mechanisms in a similar way. Though applicable to any organism with a nervous system, most research in evolutionary psychology focuses on humans.
Evolutionary Psychology proposes that the human brain comprises many functional mechanisms, called psychological adaptations or evolved cognitive mechanisms designed by the process of natural selection. Examples include language acquisition modules, incest avoidance mechanisms, cheater detection mechanisms, intelligence and sex-specific mating preferences, foraging mechanisms, alliance-tracking mechanisms, agent detection mechanisms, and so on.
It also draws on behavioral ecology, artificial intelligence, genetics, ethology, anthropology, archaeology, biology, and zoology. Evolutionary psychology is closely linked to sociobiology, but there are key differences between them including the emphasis on domain-specific rather than domain-general mechanisms, the relevance of measures of current fitness, the importance of mismatch theory, and psychology rather than behaviour.
Many evolutionary psychologists, however, argue that the mind consists of both domain-specific and domain-general mechanisms, especially evolutionary developmental psychologists. Reference Terms. In short, evolutionary psychology is focused on how evolution has shaped the mind and behavior. Evolutionary psychology has roots in cognitive psychology and evolutionary biology. Most sociobiological research is now conducted in the field of behavioral ecology. Related Stories.
It’s aimed at giving scientists,
Tinder And Evolutionary Psychology
The details hardly matter, but in outline her story is numbingly familiar. After a movie she returned with her date to his car, which had been left in an isolated parking lot. She was expecting him to drive her home. Instead, the man locked the car doors and physically forced her to have sex with him.
“I’m an evolutionary psychologist and my earlier research had For men, attractiveness was the most important factor in predicting dating.
Evolutionary psychology is a relatively new field. Scientists like Victor Johnston study the human brain and human behaviors — why we do the things we do — in the context of evolution. This clip outlines the “sweaty T-shirt” experiment, which showed that the sense of smell may have more to do with mate choice than previously thought. Females sniffing the T-shirts recently worn by males favored the scent of those whose immune response genes were different from their own. Meredith Small and Geoffrey Miller are also interviewed.
From Evolution: “Why Sex?
In evolutionary psychology and behavioral ecology , human mating strategies are a set of behaviors used by individuals to select, attract, and retain mates. Mating strategies overlap with reproductive strategies, which encompass a broader set of behaviors involving the timing of reproduction and the trade-off between quantity and quality of offspring.
Relative to those of other animals, human mating strategies are unique in their relationship with cultural variables such as the institution of marriage. The human desire for companionship is one of the strongest human drives.
The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology provides an overview of the latest developments in this fast-growing area Print Publication Date: Apr
For Psychology Test editions taken during or after September , your test will yield six subscores in addition to the total score:. For Psychology Test editions taken prior to September , the two prior subscores Experimental and Social will continue to be reported on score reports to test takers and institutions.
The questions on which subscores are based are distributed throughout the test; they are not set aside and labeled separately, although several questions from a single content area may appear consecutively. Nobody knows our tests better than we do. Check them out today. ETS Account. Overview The test consists of approximately multiple-choice questions. Each question in the test has five options from which the test taker is to select the one option that is the correct or best answer to the question.
Some of the stimulus materials, such as a description of an experiment or a graph, may serve as the basis for several questions. The questions in the Psychology Test are drawn from the core of knowledge most commonly encountered in courses offered at the undergraduate level within the broadly defined field of psychology. Content Specifications I. Register Now.